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Human Caliciviruses

Human calicivirus/SRSV (not sure to which groups these belong)
Virus Strain Region Length Accession No. Reference Comments
HuCV UK2 12121/89/UK pol(p) 166   Ando et al., 1994  
HuCV UK2 8051/92/UK pol(p) 166   Ando et al., 1994  
HuCV UK3 10130/86/UK pol(p) 166   Ando et al., 1994  
HuCV UK3 SUMM/88/UK pol(p) 166   Ando et al., 1994  
HuCV UK3 12700/92/UK pol(p) 166   Ando et al., 1994  
HuCV UK4 5823/90/UK pol(p) 166   Ando et al., 1994  
HuCV UK4 10336/90/UK pol(p) 166   Ando et al., 1994  
HuCV SRSV-CDC-6/92/US pol (p)     Moe et al., 1994  
HuCV SRSV-CDC-29/86/US pol (p)     Moe et al., 1994  
HuCV SRSV-CDC-32/86/US pol (p)     Moe et al., 1994  
HuCV SRSV-UT-7/88/US pol (p)     Johnson, unpub. (sited in Jiang et al., 1995a)  
HuCV SRSV-NS-13/91/CAN pol (p)     Lee, unpub. (sited in Jiang et al., 1995a)  
HuCV HuCV/92/UK pol (p)     Cubitt, unpub. (sited in Jiang et al., 1995a)  
HuCV HuCV-3C/91/UK pol (p)     Cubitt et al., 1987  
SRSV SRSV/Lauwersoog/97/NET pol(p) 220 AF060207 Vinje and Koopmans, unpublished  
SRSV SRSV/Spykenisse/97/NET pol(p) 220 AF060208 Vinje and Koopmans, unpublished  
SRSV SRSV/Apeldoorn/97/NET (97-28) pol(p) 220 AF060209 Vinje and Koopmans, unpublished  
SRSV B449/92/UK pol(p) 109 Z74000 Green et al., 1997  
CG = complete genome
(p) = partial gene sequence
N/A = not available on the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases

References

Ando, T., Mulders, M.N., Lewis, D.C., Estes, M.K., Monroe, S.S. and Glass, R.I. (1994). Comparison of the polymerase region of small round structured virus strains previously classified in three antigenic types by solid-phase immune electron microscopy. Archives of Virology 135: 217-226.

Ando, T., Jin, Q., Gentsch, J.R., Monroe, S.S., Noel, J.S., Dowell, S.F., Cicirello, H.G., Kohn, M.A. and Glass, R.I. (1995). Epidemiologic applications of novel molecular methods to detect and differentiate small round structured viruses (Norwalk-like viruses). J. Med. Virol. 47:145-152(1995).

Berke, T., Golding, B., Jiang, X., Cubitt, D.W., Wolfaardt, M., Smith, A.W. and Matson, D.O. (1997). Phylogenetic analysis of the caliciviruses. J. Med. Virol. 52: 419-424.

Cauchi, M.R., Doultree, J.C., Marshall, J.A. and Wright, P.J. (1996). Molecular characterization of Camberwell virus and sequence variation in ORF3 of small round structured (Norwalk-like) viruses. J. Med. Virol., in press.

Cubitt, W.D., Jiang, X.J., Wang, J. and Estes, M.K (1994). Sequence similarity of human caliciviruses and small round structured viruses. J. Med. Virol. 43: 252-258.

Cubitt, W.D., Blacklow, N.R., Herrmann, J.E., Nowak, N.A., Nakata, S. and Chiba, S. (1987). Antigenic relationships between human caliciviruses and Norwalk virus. J. Infect. Dis.156: 806-813.

Dingle, K.E., Lambden, P.R., Caul, E.O. and Clarke, I.N. (1995). Human enteric caliciviridae: the complete genome sequence and expression of virus-like particles from a genetic group II small round-structured virus. J. Gen. Virol. 76:2349-2355(1995).

Drebot, M.A. and Lee S.H.S. Human calicivirus (Norwalk-like virus) partial RNA polymerase gene. Unpublished. (Zoonotic Diseases, Bureau of Microbiology, Health Protection Branch, Health Canada, Tunney's Pasture, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0L2, Canada)

Green S.M., Lambden P.R., Caul E.O., Ashley C.R., Clarke I.N. (1995). Caspid diversity in small round-structured viruses : molecular characterization of an antigenically distinct human enteric calicivirus. Virus Res. 37: 271-283.

Green, S.M., Dingle, K.E., Lambden, P.R., Caul, E.O., Ashley, C.R. and Clarke, I.N. (1994). Human enteric Caliciviridae: a new prevalent small round-structred group defined by RNA-dependent RNA polymerase and capsid diversity. J. Gen. Virol. 75: 1883-1888.

Green, S.M., Lambden, P.R., Caul, E.O. and Clarke, I.N. (1997). Capsid sequence diversity in small round structured viruses from recent
UK outbreaks of gastroenteritis. J. Med. Virol. 52: 14-19.

Jiang, X., Wang, M., Wang, K. and Estes, M. (1993). Sequence and genomic organization of Norwalk virus. Virology 195: 51-61.

Jiang, X., Wang, J. and Estes, M.K. (1995a). Characterization of SRSVs using RT-PCR and a new antigen ELISA. Arch. Virol. 140: 363-374.

Jiang, X., Matson, D.O., Velazquez, R.F., Calva, J.J., Zhong, W., Palacios, G.M.R. and Pickering, L.K. (1995b). A Study of Norwalk-related viruses in Mexican children. J. Med. Virol. In press

Jiang, X., Cubitt, D.W., Berke, T., Zhong, W.M., Dai, X.M., Pickering, L.K. and Matson, D.O. (1997). Sapporo-like human caliciviruses are genetically and antigenically diverse. Arch. Virol. 142: 1813-1827.

King, A.D. and Green, K.Y. (1997). Sequence analysis of gene encoding the capsid protein of the Snow Mountain human calicivirus. Virus Genes 15: 5-7.

Lambden, P.R., Caul, O., Ashley, C. and Clarke, I.N. (1993). Sequence and genome organization of a human small round structured (Norwalk-like) virus. Science 259: 516-519.

Lambden, P.R., Liu, B. and Clarke, I.N. (1995). A conserved sequence motif at the 5' terminus of the Southampton virus genome is characteristic of the Caliciviridae. Virus Genes 10: 149-152.

Lew, J.F., Kapikian, A.Z., Valdesuso, J. and Green, K.Y. (1994a). Molecular characterization of Hawaii virus and other Norwalk-like viruses: evidence for genetic polymorphism among human caliciviruses. J. Infect. Dis. 170: 535-542.

Lew, J.F., Kapikian, A.Z., Jiang, X., Estes, M.K. and Green, K.Y. (1994b). Molecular characterization and expression of the capsid protein of a Norwalk-like virus recovered from a Desert Sheild troop with gastroenteritis. Virology 200: 319-325.

Lew, J.F., Petric, M., Kapikian, A.Z., Jiang, X., Estes, M.K. and Green, K.Y. (1994c). Identification of Minireovirus as a Norwalk-like virus in pediatric patients with gastroenteritis. J. Virol. 68: 3391-3396.

Liu, B.L., Clarke, I.N., Caul, E.O. and Lambden, P.R. (1995). Human enteric caliciviruses have a unique genome structure and are distinct from the Norwalk-like viruses. Arch. Virol. 140: 1345-1356.

Liu, B.L., Clarke, I.N., Caul, E.O. and Lambden, P.R. (1997). The genomic 5' terminus of Manchester calicivirus. Virus Genes 15: 25-28.

Matson, D.O., Zhong, W-M., Nakata, S., Numata, K., Jiang, X., Pickering, L.K., Chiba, S. and Estes, M.K. (1995). Molecular characterization of a human calicivirus with sequence relationships closer to animal caliciviruses than other known human caliciviruses. J. Med. Virol. 45: 215-222.

Matsui, S.M., Kim, J.P., Greenberg, H.B., Su, W., Sun, Q., Johnson, P.C., DuPont, H.L., Oshiro, L.S. and Reyes, G.R. (1991). The isolation and characterization of a Norwalk virus-specific cDNA. J. Clin. Invest. 87: 1456-1461.

Meekin, G.E. and Low A. Characterisation of SRSVs from New Zealand outbreaks of gastroenteritis. Unpublished. (Molecular Virology, ESR Communicable Disease Centre, Kenepuru Drive, Porirua, Wellington, New Zealand)

Moe, C.L., Gentsch, J., Ando, T., Grohmann, G.S., Monroe, S., Jiang, X., Wang, J., Estes, M.K., Seto, Y., Humphrey, C., Stine, S. and Glass, R.I. (1994). Application of PCR to detect Norwalk virus in fecal specimens from outbreaks of gastroenteritis. J. Clin. Microbiol. 32: 642-648.

Nakajima, S. and Sugieda, M. Calicivirus genomic RNA for RNA polymerase, partial cds. Unpublished. [Setsuko Nakajima, National Institute of Public Health, Microbiology; Shirokanedai, 4-6-1, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108, Japan (E-mail:nakajima@iph.go.jp, Tel:+81-03-3441-7111, Fax:+81-03-3446-4314)]

Nakayama, M., Ueda, Y., Kawamoto, H., Han-Jun, Y., Saito, K., Nishio, O. and Ushijima, H. (1996). Detection and sequencing of Norwalk-like viruses from stool samples in Japan using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction amplification. Microbiol. Immunol. 40: 317-320.

Noel, J.S., Liu, B.L., Humphrey, C.D., Rodriguez, E.M., Lambden, P.R., Clarke, I.N., Dwyer, D.M., Ando, T., Glass, R.I. and Monroe, S.S. (1997). Parkville virus: a novel genetic variant of human calicivirus in the Sapporo virus clade, associated with an outbreak of gastroenteritis in adults. J. Med. Virol. 52: 173-178.

Norcott, J.P., Green, J., Lewis, D., Estes, M.K., Barlow, K.L. and Brown, D.W. (1994). Genomic diversity of small round structured viruses in the United Kingdom. Journal of Medical Virology 44:280-286.

Numata, K., Hardy, M.E., Nakata, S., Chiba, S. and Estes, M.K. (199?). Molecular characterization of morphologically typical human calicivirus
Sapporo. Arch. Virol. 142: 0-0.

Regli, W.J., Green, D., Jones, N., Jarman, J., Lewis, G.D. and Dodd, A.A. Detection of an oyster associated Norwalk-like virus by RT-PCR. Unpublished.

Saito, H., Kamada, K., Sato, H. and Morita, M. Molecular characterization of human calicivirus strains in viral gastroenteritis outbreak. Unpublished. (H. Saito, Akita Prefectural Institute of Public Health, Microbiology; 6-6 Senshu Kubotamachi, Akita, Akita 010, Japan. E-mail: SZB75178@pcvan.or.jp; Tel: 0188-32-5005; Fax: 0188-32-5938)

Schreier, E., Kuenkel, U., Hoehne, M. and Monroe, S. Detection of Norwalk-like viruses and other small-round structured viruses in Germany. Unpublished. (E. Schreier, Virology, Robert Koch-Institute, Nordufer 20 13353 Berlin, GERMANY.)

Stene-Johansen, K. and Grinde, B. (1996). Sensitive detection of human caliciviridae by RT-PCR.  J. Med. Virol. 50: 207-213.

Utagawa, E.T., Takeda, N., Inouye, S., Kasuga, K. and Yamazaki, S. (1994). 3'-terminal sequence of a small round structured virus (SRSV) in Japan. Archives of Virology 135: 185-192.

Vinje, J. and Koopmans, M.P.G. Small Round Structured Viruses (SRSV) in The Netherlands. Unpublished. [Research Laboratory for Infectious Diseases, RIVM, 9 Antonie van Leeuwenhoeklaan, Bilthoven 3720 MA, The Netherlands].

Wang, J., Jiang, X., Madore, H.P., Desselberger, U., Gray, J., Ando, T., Seto, Y., Yamazaki, K., Oishi, I. and Estes, M.K. (1994). Sequence diversity of small round structured viruses in the Norwalk virus group. J. Virol. 68: 5982-5990.

Wolfaardt, M., Taylor, M.B., Grabow, W.O., Cubitt, W.D. and Jiang, X. (1995) Molecular characterisation of small round structured viruses associated with gastroenteritis in South Africa. J. Med. Virol. 47:386-391.

Wolfaardt, M., Taylor, M.B., Berke, T. and Jiang, X. Detection of human caliciviruses with sequence relationships closer to animal caliciviruses in South Africa. Unpublished (b) (Marianne Wolfaardt, Department of Medical Virology, Institute of Pathology, University of Pretoria, Dr. Savage Road, Pretoria, Gauteng 0001, South Africa).

Wolfaardt, M., Taylor, M.B., Berke, T., Matson, D.O. and Jiang, X. Sapporo-like Human Caliciviruses in South Africa. Unpublished (c).

 
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